Kashmiri embroidery(also Kashida) is used for phirans (woollen kurtas) and namdahs (woollen rugs)as well as stoles. It draws. Kashida, also known as Kasida, is one of the oldest forms of embroidery that originated in Jammu and Kashmir. Kashida embroidery is created. Kashmir is best known for a lot of things and its beauty being top of the list. But in that list, Kashida embroidery has also made its place quite.

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A variation of Kutch work, this geometric embroidery starts with a foundation framework of herringbone stitch or Cretan stitch, and then this framework is completely filled with interlacing. There are many other intrinsic styles like sozni work, papier ksahida work and even hook or ari work which comes under the wings of this embroidery style, as traditional motifs like animals, birds, flowers, and fruits are woven into the fabric with the threads of gold, silver and other metallic colored threads which kashidz the sheer essence of the mystic nature.

Symbols inspired by the surroundings, and motifs are now woven in different shapes and sizes keeping the trend quotient up on higher levels.

The dot and the alternate dot, the circle, the square, the triangle, and permutations and combinations of these constitute the design. Practiced by the Lambada [5] gypsy tribes of Andhra PradeshBanjara embroidery is a mix of applique with mirrors and beadwork.

Kashida: The Oldest Embroidery From India

Simple shawls were given to them as a platform to exhibit their talent, which gradually enhanced their skill over a period of time, as they took over the other royal traditional fabrics like saris and various related garments. The most opulent form of Indian embroidery is the Zari and the Zardozi, known since the late 16th century, brought in India by the mighty Moghuls. Kasuti is done with single thread embroidry involves counting of each thread on the cloth.

Pastel colors are also often used.

Originally, pieces of mica were used as the mirrors, but later, people started using thin blown-glass pieces, hence the name, which in Hindi means “little glass”. Originally chandua work was done to built the chariots for Puri Rath Yatra and was also used for parasols, canopies and pillows for the Rath Embroidwry.


Embroidery in India Embroidery. Embroidery in India includes dozens of embroidery styles that vary by region and clothing styles. A combination of weaving and embroidery and was once a high status symbol.

Everything About Kashmiri Kashida Embroidery | Utsav Fashion Blog

Persian and Kashmiri embroidery blended its essence together and came out with various forms of nature influenced motifs and designs which defined the Indo Persian floral pattern and design outlook in the artwork of Kashida.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Rural Bengali women still do this with cotton saris, the embroidery thread being taken from the sari border. Flower embroidery of Uttar Pradesh[19] especially in Aligarh.

The other hand feeds the thread from the underside, and the hook brings it up, making a chainstitch, but it is much quicker than chainstitch done in the usual way: Kalabatan surkh involves using gold wires on orange coloured and red silk.

Besides, even traditional embroiddry and rituals can be complimented with this artwork, as it possesses the ability to mold with any environment or season. Kashmiri embroidery foresees a profitable future in the long run. Apart from clothes, it’s found on home furnishings like bed spreads, sofa and floor cushions, and pillow covers.


Crediting to the influence of nature in such intrinsic artworks, international markets have also recognized and appreciated the beauty of this Kashmiri embroidery, which has also managed to floor the international masses across the globe. Slowly and gradually with the passing years, embroidery composition and its related style, structure and color combinations took over the transformation route and showcased different form of variations that suited the changing generations.

Only one or two stitches are employed on one fabric. Plain wire is kashia ‘badla’, and when wound round a thread, it is embroudery ‘kasav’.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Another is the kashisa also called khatava or katava. The Punjab region also uses mukesh embroidery: Jutti Kholapuri Mojari Paduka Peshawari chappal.

Chamba region has highly skilled craftsmen. However, characteristic forms of stitch were developed in Lucknow: There are two kinds of gold embroidery, one of a solid and rich kind called kar-chob and the other called tila-kar or kar-chikan utilising gold thread. This embroidery flourished in the princely hill states of Kangra[7] ChambaBasholi, and other neighbouring provinces. Chikan embroidery on silk is Lucknow’s own innovation.


Small pieces of zari ribbon are applied onto the fabric with the edges sewn down to create elaborate patterns. This intricate Kashmiri embroidery enhanced the beauty of garments onto higher and trendier levels with the passing years. However if we go further up along the paths of historical archives of fashion, it can be found that this embroidery was also creatively initiated by the residents of Srinagar.

The base cloth, whether wool or cottonis generally white or cream or a similar shade. These stitches are however not executed more than twice.

Colourful embroidered cloth-hangings made in Nathdwara, Rajasthan. Mirrorwork is very popular for cushion covers and bedcovers, kashda and decorative hangings as well as in decorative borders in women’s salwar-kameez and sari.

This page was last edited on 22 Octoberat Nowadays Zardosi thread has a plastic core and a golden-coloured outside.

The Banni or Heer Bharat embroidery originates in Gujaratand is practiced mainly by the Lohana community.

Zardozi is either a synonym or a more elaborate version of zari where the gold or silver embroidery is embellished with pearls and precious stones, gota and kinari, making this art only affordable by rich people. As this embroidered fabric can go along with kasjida season of the year without compromising on comfort and convenience, the demand quotient for this embroidery has risen in numbers in every pocket of the world.

Kashmiri embroidery also Kashida is used for phirans woollen kurtas and namdahs woollen rugs as well as stoles. The designs are first printed onto the fabric not with chaulk, but with a mixture of glue and indigo. Besides there are many other stitches like satin stitch, herringbone, stem stitch, chain stitch, knot stitch and many more which are also creatively implemented.

Dhamija, Jaslean Asian Embroidery. The Banjaras of Madhya Pradesh who are found in the districts of Malwa and Nimar have their own style of embroidery where designs are created according to the weave of the cloth, and the textured effect is achieved by varying kashisa and stitches of the geometric patterns and designs.

Variation of this form is neem-jaal, where again the work is less dense.