THEORIES OF INSTRUCTIONAL MANAGEMENT. PISMP Wan Nur Amalina Wan Mansor Fuzilla Ayub Salwa Wahidan Nur Asyiqin Mohd Razli. JACOB. Models of classroom discipline and its application The Kounin Model (Group Management) By Jacob Kounin; 3. Introduction to Kounin’s Model. Choice Theory. William Glasser Systems Theory. Solution Kounin, Jacob S. ( ) Discipline and Group Management in Classrooms. Holt, Rinehart and.

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Magnetic letters for spelling center, dice or play money for Math, etc.

Group alerting also allows teachers to present to students expectations that they have for the class. According to Kounin, when students are off-task, the teacher should send a clear message that communicates to students the awareness that they are not working and that they need to become engaged.

Another example, if the teacher is in the middle of a lecture and a student enters the room the teacher should make eye contact with the student, have an area for the student to turn in work, and continue with the lesson. Auth with social network: To use this website, you must agree to our Privacy Policyincluding cookie policy.

According to Kounin, claszroom classroom management depends on effective kounon management. Briefly acknowledging student misbehavior at first detection to let the student and the class know that the teacher is aware, thus preventing an escalation of the misbehavior.

Kounin said that is was not necessary for the teacher to know what is going on, but for the students to perceive that the teacher knows. The teacher can then intervene or take the group to a different track if required.

In Middle School, however, it usually becomes more necessary to make an example of a student who willingly breaks a rule so that other students know they will share the same fate if they do so as well. Momentum refers to the force and flow of a lesson. An example would be to have something for students who finish an assignment early to work on jaccob do so that the teacher is still able to mentor and monitor the students who are still working without having to stop what they are doing to give more instructions.


For example, if a student is done with an assessment or an assignment early have something for them to do such as moving on to another assignment, reading a book, or a quiet enrichment exercise. Often classroom misbehavior increases when a classroom moves from one task or activity to another.

A lesson with smoothness will transition between activities effortlessly, without confusion or abruptness. According to Kounin, overlapping and withitness are critical to preventing off task and unwanted behaviour in the classroom.

The teacher should make sure that these exercises remain short so students do not get bored. Classroom Management Chapter He asserts that momentum and smoothness are key to keeping students engaged and on task. The teacher can have a canister of popsicle sticks that have each students name on them. These videos contain things you should avoid in dealing with student.

He experimented with college, high school and elementary students. Kounin’s Theory in the classroom. Kounin identified specific teaching techniques that help, and hinder, classroom discipline. It is very important that elementary instructors maintain their energy and enthusiasm when presenting to their students. Kounin emphasizes that providing smooth and effective transitions is one of the most important techniques in maintaining student involvement and class control.


Jacob Kounin identified a cluster of proactive teacher behaviors that distinguished effective classroom managers from ineffective ones. Overlapping – The teacher can have a procedure where the they are able to have to situations going on at the same time. Group alerting gains the attention of students. This means that with-it-ness, overlapping, smoothness, momentum, and group focus all must meld together to form a coherent whole.


This also includes distractions from outside the classroom such as notes from the office or students walking through the hallways. A teacher can keep a timer and assign roles to students to keep the students moving and on a time deadline. Discipline and Group Management in Classrooms.

Jacob Kounin, author of Discipline and Group Management in Classrooms developed a theory focused on preventing unwanted behaviour by implementing effective lesson management.

Classroom Management Theorists and Theories/Jacob Kounin

The time could be set teory 30 minutes. Effective teachers move through the lessons at a brisk pace and appear to have very few slowdowns in the flow of activities. Brad Harrington Boston College. While the early-finishers are staying busy the teacher is allowed to move around the room to answer question or assist struggling students.

Classroom Management Theorists and Theories/Jacob Kounin – Wikibooks, open books for an open world

In other languages Add links. When placing students in group-work, the teacher can walk around facilitating and listening to discussions of other students. In an elementary setting, the teacher could pair up the class in groups of students and assign a team name. Registration Forgot your password?

The teacher avoids going off topic. What does a positive classroom environment.

When one student is about to throw a paper airplane or punch his friend in the shoulder, the teacher can make eye contact with him and shake his head.

Comments made to stop a behavior.