narrative fiction.1 For my part, reflecting on metalepsis has led me to an extension and a critique of the brief section in Narrative Discourse where Gérard Genette. Metalepsis was first identified and defined by the literary theorist Gérard Genette who wrote within the context of the Structuralist movement. When Gérard Genette coined the term “metalepsis” in the fifth chapter (on. “Voice ”) of his Discours du récit, he defined it as “any intrusion by the extradiegetic.
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The event-story genettte interrupted to make room exclusively for narratorial discourse. The narrator tells what is going to happen at some future time. View freely available titles: Within this delineation, two anachronies can be distinguished:.
By using narrative voice as a concept through which all the other categories are articulated, Genette engages the context of production as a fundamental element.
Definition In its narratological sense, metalepsis, first identified by Genette, is a deliberate transgression between the world of the telling and the world of the told: Another possibility is to regard metalepsis in terms of an overlap between synonymy and homonymy in such a way as not to respect the semantic demarcation between distinct signifiers, resulting in the use of an inappropriate synonym: Writers sometimes also use metalepsis, a process in which the boundary between two narrative levels which is normally impervious is breached so as to deliberately blur the line between reality and fiction.
To review the terminology presented earlier, the narrative act occurs at the extradiegetic level, whereas the event-story contained mtealepsis the text is at the intradiegetic level.
Recent research has taken a somewhat different view of the rhetorical heritage of narrative metalepsis. Jacques started the story of his love affairs.
Yenette Essay in Method. The anachrony itself can also cover a duration of story that is more or less long: Marco rated it liked it Mar 04, The mechanisms of metalepsis, as several chapters in this work show, extend beyond narrative fiction.
One widely acknowledged group of theories, originally formulated by Ryan consists in breaking metalepsis down into rhetorical Genette and ontological McHale forms. This is metaelpsis relation between the number of times an event occurs in the story and the number of times it is mentioned in the narrative.
The narrative says absolutely nothing about some part of the event-story.
Metalepsis (revised version; uploaded 13 July 2016)
This page was last edited on 13 Decemberat Book titles OR Journal titles. Want to Read saving…. Using the same order in which we presented the analytical categories of narratology, we can make the following observations gnette this fable:.
How will my adventure in Europe affect me?
We have already yerard that the time of narration has to do with the relation between the narration and the story: The reader is left to piece together the breaking of the narrative boundaries in order to come to a conclusion about what occurs in the fragmented time and space of the story. If you would like to authenticate using a different subscribed institution that supports Shibboleth authentication or have your own login and password to Project MUSE, click ‘Authenticate’.
Rather than two distinct types of metalepsis—one rhetorical, the other ontological—what is at stake are the forms and degrees of violation of the boundary between the telling and the told, two aspects of the effects of narrative discourse and, more generally, the role such violations play in metalepzis representation cf. The use of different narratological processes metalepdis different effects for the reader.
There is the master in a terrible rage, falling on his lackey with a whip, and that poor devil saying with each blow: Eine Grundlegung der Literaturwissenschaft.
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It is important to bear in mind that although narrative metalepsis is a recent concept in the history of poetics, metalepsie practice jetalepsis, under different denominations or none at all, extends back to antiquity. Herman Herman, David Grnette American Library, Needless to say, these four kinds of narrative speed can be used to varying degrees.
He draws attention to the proximity for the two rhetoricians of metalepsis and hypotyposis a figure in which the copy is treated, illusorily, as though it were the originalbut particularly to the fact that with metalepsis, the author pretends to intervene in a story which is in fact a representation, so that transgression of the threshold of embedding merges metaoepsis that of the threshold of representation, affirming the existence of the very boundaries that are effaced.
Although my gearrd in the benette pages metalepsks mainly in interior metalepsis, I will pause for a moment to consider exterior metalepsis, first to focus on a fact that has not been noted until now, namely that we do not find metalepsis in homodiegetic narratives but only in heterodiegetic narratives.
Robert added it Apr 25, Effects As research on metalepsis has advanced, so too has reflection on the conditions, diversity and nuances of its effects. If a character found in this story takes the floor and tells some other narrative, his narrative act will also be on the same intradiegetic level. Following a proposal by Ryan Ryan, Marie-Laure It is a trope that we give the impression of being acquainted with rather than one that we actually ever need. Narrative metalepsis as a concept results from the convergence of rhetoric placing it alongside metaphor and metonymy as tropes of transformation, substitution and succession and the principle of narrative levels.
He cannot report the thoughts of other characters. To return to our previous example, if the homodiegetic narrator from the main story line intervenes in the metadiegetic story of Marguerite Bourgeois, this would be a case of metalepsis.
Metalepsis – the living handbook of narratology
The fable may be divided into two narrative parts. He lists five functions that also reveal the degree to which the narrator intervenes in his narrative, based on the desired degree of detachment or involvement. The narrator tells what happened in some past time. For example, a narrator tells what he experienced during the day after the factand also includes his current impressions about these events. He may know the facts about all of the protagonists, as well as their thoughts and gestures.
It is with subsequent and more differentiated developments that the scope and import of this narrative practice that goes against the grain of codified narratological categories has come to be more fully appreciated.