L’estetica by Nicolai Hartmann, , available at Book Depository with free delivery worldwide. Nicolai Hartmann’s theory of Levels of Reality: an annotated bibliography of his L’estetica. Padova: Liviana. Con uno studio di Dino Formaggio su “Arte e. Looking for Nicolai Hartmann? Find out information about Nicolai Hartmann. der Erkenntnis, 4th ed. Berlin, In Russian translation: Estetika. Moscow.

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Repeated acts of valuation tend to produce stable or fixed orders of individual and social preferences, whose guiding values press to be realized. Things have spatiality and are in space, they do not have space N.

Diesseits von Idealismus und Realismus.

L’estetica : Nicolai Hartmann :

Experience, Formalism, and the Question of Being. The name need not lead to any prejudgment; but sometimes by its historical associations, it haftmann us to isolate an area of problem. Three pairs of oppositions are included under quality positive and negative, general and individual, and identity and difference and three different pairs of oppositions are included under quantity one and many, part and whole, and finite and infinite. Hartmann, Systematische PhilosophieStuttgart: Zur Lehre vom Eidos bei Platon und Aristoteles ; 6.

A theory of this kind obviously has two critical points: In fact, each real level has its own specific types of determination, such as the specific linear nexus causal, final, etc.

Since I have the highest regard for Hartmann’s work and nevertheless believe that his own presentation is – at least partially – responsible for possible misunderstandings, I will here attempt to explain his novel contribution in a way different from that employed by him.


Introduzione di Remo Cantoni 5; Parte prima: F and Sons, Braunschweig.

Die Grundbegriffe einer Metageometrie. Il Problema Dell’essere Spirituale.

Reprinted with a new introduction by Andreas A. By their Properties, Causes and Effects: If space were a system of coordinates, movement would be absolute.

Time from quantum entanglement: Chapter 1 Pure and Qualified Time. In this regard, one can mention that even if organisms are unquestionably more complex than mechanisms, the behavior of organisms is in conformity with laws of mechanics A.

Nicolai Hartmann

That said, and before I develop with my theme in detail, I must present at least two presuppositions to the arguments that ewtetika. From a categorial point of view, the differences among them may not be as rigorous and clear as the difference distinguishing the four main levels of real being A.

In fact, for Hartmann the above-mentioned spaces are not different species estetikaa the genus space but domains internal to the unique real space. Between Essentialism and Transcendental Philosophy Metaphysical assumptions are necessary for the task of incorporating aporias into a framework able to make sense of them.

The stratified structures of the world 43; VI. Res, ens and aliquid. Not one of them can justify the a priori employment of synthetic propositions. Logische und ontologische Wirklichkeit ; 7. Edited by Cohen Hermann and Natorp Paul.

Nicolai Hartmann – Wikipedia

Put briefly, if the psychological level ends up including what psychology and cognitive sciences acknowledge as psychological phenomena, the dividing line between the psychological and the spiritual levels should be located elsewhere, and what Hartmann calls personal spirit will become the higher layer of the psychological level. It is difficult to determine why things have gone this way. Translated by Reinhard C. Edizioni di Filosofia, Torino.


Nicolzi space is the form of contents, the way in which external objects are presented to the mind N. As a matter of fact, categories are the only tools available to an ontologist. Vom Estetjka Zur Ontologie.

It is composed of three books: Hartmann also notes that the claim according to which quantum mechanics implies that quantum processes are discontinuous confuses space with energy. Dimensions instead are internal constraints of space, for they are constitutive categorial moments of space.

Wissenschaftlicher Briefwechsel mit Bohr, Einstein, Heisenberg u. In fact, dimensionality—and its subsequent measurement—is the condition that makes natural science possible. After the Second World War, Hartmann was elected President of the German Philosophical Association for both the acknowledged value of his philosophical ideas and his apparent lack of any improper compromise with Nazism. He acknowledges that formations are the real furniture of the world, and he occasionally interprets levels through them.

Ontology of Cognition; I. The article esttika an analysis of Hartmann’s efforts to argue for the relevance of anthropological considerations in the context of epistemological realism.

Keeping the focus on the object is therefore mandated by the theory of levels of reality see Section 6 above.