Students of political democratization have employed the notion of “democratic consolidation” in unclear and inconsistent ways. The article reconstructs and. Much of the literature on ‘democratic consolidation’ has adopted a forward‐ looking, future‐oriented perspective. Rather than studying past regimes, it tries to . Andreas Schedler, who is currently attached to the Facultad Latinoamericana de possibly most, students of democratic consolidation are studying today’s.

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Oxford Bibliographies Online is available by subscription and perpetual access to institutions. It has come to include such divergent items as popular legitimation, the diffusion of democratic values, the neutralization of antisystem actors, civilian supremacy over the military, the [End Page 91] elimination of authoritarian enclaves, party building, the organization of functional interests, the stabilization of electoral rules, the routinization of politics, the decentralization of state power, the introduction of mechanisms of direct democracy, judicial reform, the alleviation of poverty, and economic stabilization.

Linz and Stepan offer an intuitive definition of consolidation—a democracy is consolidated when no political actors seek to overthrow it. For more information or to contact an Oxford Sales Representative click here.

He supports this conclusion with evidence of crisis management in Latin America. The way in which to measure and define consolidation, therefore, is debated by scholars in the field. The authors outline an intentionally broad understanding of what democracy is by focusing on its conceptual definition, procedures, and institutions, as well as its underlying principles not enshrined elsewhere, such as contingent consent consoljdation bounded uncertainty.

Schedler suggests that behavioral evidence is superior to attitudinal and economic evidence because it is more proximate to democgatic phenomenon of interest: Related Articles about About Related Articles close popup.

Viewpoints and Horizons

Built on the Johns Hopkins University Campus. Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation: Project MUSE Mission Project Cshedler promotes the creation and dissemination of essential humanities and social science resources through collaboration consolidatuon libraries, publishers, and scholars worldwide. If consolidation is complete when a democracy is likely to endure, then observable measures of endurance are needed.


Instead, the authors suggest that consolidation is a process of stabilization, routinization, and institutionalization of patterns of political behavior. Sign up for My OBO.

It varies according to the contexts and the goals we have in mind. Although he acknowledges that individual choices are conditioned by context-specific issues, Alexander makes the argument that elites must choose democracy and often do so for self-interested reasons. Don’t have an account?

View freely available titles: Democratization in the Late Twentieth Century.

Consolidation of new democracies requires strong political institutions, horizontal as well as vertical accountability, the rule of law, a vibrant civil society, and improved economic performance, which all generate legitimacy for the regime. Time is an especially important component of many empirical works that seek to explain regime endurance.

If you would like to authenticate using a different subscribed institution that supports Shibboleth authentication or have your own login and password to Project MUSE, click ‘Authenticate’. Sign in with your library card. The use of one and the same term for vastly different things only simulates a shared common language; in fact, the reigning conceptual disorder is acting as a powerful barrier to scholarly communication, theory building, and the accumulation of knowledge.

What is Democratic Consolidation? Schmitter and Karl echoes this view and further stresses that consolidated democracies will not be able, nor should be expected, to solve all sociopolitical problems. The Sources of Democratic Consolidation.

General Overviews Just as many different types of authoritarian regimes and paths of transition exist, so do many roads to consolidation.

Schedler and Munck and Verkuilen discuss issues related to the conceptualization of democracy and the measurement of consolidation.

He pushes this argument further by proposing that imperfect democracies that are not fully and formally institutionalized can also endure. They point out that democracies may take many forms and will not necessarily be better at solving various socioeconomic problems.


Export Citations Print Email Share. Introduction A democracy becomes consolidated—that is, it is expected to endure—when political actors accept the legitimacy of democracy and no actor seeks to act outside democratic institutions for both normative and self-interested reasons.

Some of the authors cited in this section view democratic consolidation schrdler a gradual process of overcoming the problems left by the previous authoritarian regime. Sign in via your Democatic.

Democratic Consolidation – Political Science – Oxford Bibliographies

University of Democrativ Press, Two other subtypes of democracy have gained wide recognition in the scholarly literature on new democracies. Johns Hopkins University Press, How to Subscribe Oxford Bibliographies Online is available by subscription xchedler perpetual access to institutions.

These imperfect democracies can endure despite the lack of a close fit between formal rules and political behavior. Although Diamond rejects theories that privilege preconditions the success of consolidation, he also suggests that consolidation may take many different paths.

Without cookies your experience may not be seamless. In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Others argue that consolidation is the result of deliberate choices made by consolidatin actors. In the immediate aftermath of all these democratic transitions, pressing concerns have quickly arisen about how to strengthen and stabilize these new regimes.

At this point, with people using the concept any way they like, wndreas can be sure what it means to others, but all maintain the illusion of speaking to one another in some comprehensible way. A democracy becomes consolidated—that is, it is expected to endure—when political actors accept the legitimacy of democracy and no actor seeks to act outside democratic institutions for scheder normative and self-interested reasons.